摘要：上海新航道雅思培训班 小编为大家整理了2021年7月10日雅思考试阅读机经真题答案回忆，每次考试后新航道雅思 小编会在1-2天内更新托福机经回忆
上海新航道雅思培训班 小编为大家整理了2021年7月10日雅思考试阅读机经真题答案回忆，每次考试后新航道雅思 小编会在1-2天内更新托福机经回忆
Andrew Carnegie, an industrialist and philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie was among the walthiest and most famous industrialists of his day, Through Camegie Corporation of New York, he established the innovative philanthropic
foundation. He was borm in 1835, in Dunfermline, Scoland. His family lived by weaving.
The town fell on hard times when industrialism made home- based weaving obsolete, leaving workers such as Camegie's father, Will, hard pressed to support their families. Carnegie's family moved to Pennsylvania. His father worked in a cotton factory. In 1848, Caregie worked in the same place. He educated himself through books, theatres and music.
Thomas A. Scot, superintendent of the westem division of the Pennsylvania Railroad and Andrew Camegie's boss, initiated the future millionaire's first investment. At that time, Carmegie worked as a secretary to him. Carnegie began to invest in car company. By 1865, Camegie had amassed business interests in iron works.
In the 1870s, Camegie was involved in steel production. He invented in steel business. In 1873, he built his first steel plant. He cut the price of steel down. He built the Carmegie
Steel Corporation into the largest steel manufacturing company in the world.
In the 1880s, Camegie bought out Henry Clay Frick's company, which owned coal fields as well as a large steel mill in Homestead, Pennsylvania. Frick and Camegle became partners. Carmegie began to spend half of every year at an estate in Scotland, in charge of diffemnt projects. Frick stayed in Pittsburgh, running the day-to-day operations of the company,
Camegie spent a lot time on travelling. He thought America is better than unequal European counties. Education is important in America. Andrew Carnegie's philanthropic career began around 1870. He founded universities and many educational institutes, donated money to education facilities, set up Funds in various fields.
Carnegie began to face a number of problems by the 1890s. With the development of technology, work eficiency improved, fewer workers are needed . Frick decided to lower the minimum wage of workers. Labor union was formed, and Carmegie believed the workers had the right to join the union. The union which represented workers at the Homestead Mill went on strike in 1892. Eventually, an armed militia had to take over the plant. Eight workers died finally.
Carnegie was informed by transallantic cable of the events in Homestead. But he made no statement and did not get involved. He was later criticized for his silence. As the 1890s continued, Carnegie faced competitin in business, and he found himself being squeezed by tactics similar to those he had employed years earlier. He refused to have conversations with his competitors.
Carnegie had already. been giving money to create museums, such as the Camegie Institute of Pittsburgh. But his philanthropy accelerated after slling Camegie Steel. Carnegie supported numerous causes， including scientific research, educational institutions, museums, and world peace. He is best known for funding more than 2,500 libraries throughout the English-speaking world.
1. Camegie worked in the same place as his father,
2. Camegie leamed through books, theatrical events and pieces of music.
3. Camegie worked as secretary to Thomas A. Scott.
4. Camegie lowered the price.
5. Camegie took charge of finding new. projects.
9. Carnegie thought there were more work opportunities in America than in European countries. NOT GIVEN
10. Carnegie decreased the number of workers. TRUE
11. He prevented workers from joining the labor union. FALSE
12. Carnegie blamed Frick for the strike. NOT GIVEN
13. The libraries that Carnegie founded were limited to people in America. FALSE
Egypt’s Ancient Boat-builders
The scenes carved into a wall of the ancient Egyptian temple tell of a remarkable sea voyage. Some people have argued that Punt was inland and not on the sea, or a fititious place altogether.
Archaeologists from Italy, the United States, and Egypt excavating a dried-up lagoon known as Mersa Gawasis have unearthed traces of an ancient harbor. that once launched early voyages like Hatshepsut's onto the open ocean.
With the instability in Ethiopia, Fattovich and Bard were unsure if they would be able to resume digging there.
Over the past seven years, Fattovich and Bard have uncovered the hidden remnants of the ancient harborside community, which overlooked a lagoon more than a mile across.
The Egyptian ships were also unique in that they were held together with mortise- and-tenon joints, tab-and-slot fttings that needed no metal fasteners and could be taken apart and put back together again.
After about 400 years, Mersa Gawasis fell out of use. It was probably abandoned because there was no longer enough water in the lagoon to float ships, and perhaps overland links
improved or other harbors were used.
which paragraph contains the following information?
NB you may use any letter more than once
14 reference to the rebuilding of an ancient Egyptian boat E
15 reference to a disagreement of an archaeological discovery A
16 the reasons why Egyptians' boats were different than any other kinds of boats E
17 the reason why Egyptians did not use sea to transport goods during a certain period F
18. The scenes carved into a wall of the ancient Egyptian temple tell of a remarkable sea voyage.
19. The carefully chosen harbor met a number of requirements for ancient sailors.
20. The entrance of a hemispherical cave was not man-made.
21. The artefacts found at a site were made of tiny marine life.
22. The usage of ancient Egyptian boats was relatively low. C
23. It is suggested that ancient Egyptians may know how to build boats. A
24. Mersa Gawasis was abandoned for several reasons. B
25. It was suggested that Punt did not exist. A
26. To confirm a theory by rebuilding an ancient Egyptian boat. D
A John Baines
B Kathryn Bard
D Cheryl Ward
Freedom is the main concern of playing soccer. Players in the youth team have a 24principle that they need to have a positive atitude. So after the game they receive the
same 25 reward no matter what they have achieved in the game. There is another difference between youth soccer and street soccer. Although street soccer emphasizes score, they will not keep the 26 record after the game.
Darwin's revolutionary theory has survived the history and still useful in nowadays corporate world.
A specialist in sociological area named Nicolas wrote a book tled "how human progress and develop" and did a series of research.
Emotion has much more to do with employees' psychological and mental situation and show the reason why they behave in a particular way.
Nicolas' prediction about what the companies will become in the future. What the employees are expected to do in the future job;
27.What does the author's view point in Paragraph 1?
A. Why psychological theory become popular again.
B. How to combine the two theory with modern society.
C. This theory cannot adjust to the modern world since it has its limitation.
D. Species that can adjust the environment can survive.
28.What does the author say in Paragraph 3?
A. A survey done by evolutionist to show how emotion play part in society.
B. Companies would be moved to the suburban areas in the future.
C. People will change where they work in the future.
D. Social skills are not so important in the future.
29.What is the solution related to emotion.
A.It sometime show the pattern of employees
B.It can be examined and learned;
C. Sometimes this showed ltt rules;
D.Workers rely deeply on information and this may lead to some problem.
30. What is the prediction of the future business mode?
A.People will be willing to work from home.
B.Social skills will still be valued among employees.
C. Employees will communicate more with their superiors.
D.Emotion play an important role in corporate world.
31.What are the proper title for Reading 3?
A. Why Darwin's theory is not popular in business world.
B. What the future work is like.
C. The maintain technology in business world and its origin.
D. The status of emotion in large factories.
32. the theory is no longer used in moderm society; False
33. people are unwilling to help each other; False
34. Nicolas' book are carefully and fully examined; TRUE
35. the future job will be far away from the centers; Not Given
Nicolas' theory are not so popular among 36.MBA graduates but are welcomed by some executive in big companies who consider them 37. magic formula; He put much of an
emphasis on 38.back-to-front thinking. The aim of knowing this is to change the 39.business structure to adjust the 40.human nature.
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