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上海新航道雅思培训班 小编为大家整理了2021年5月22日雅思考试阅读机经真题答案回忆，每次考试后新航道雅思 小编会在1-2天内更新托福机经回忆
16. cultural background
Asian Space Satellite Technology
Rocket technology has progressed considerably since the days of fireworks (bamboo poles flled with gunpowder) first used in China around 500 BC(37题答案). and, during the Sung Dynasty, to repel Mongol invaders at the batle of Kaifeng (Kai-fung fu) in AD 1232. These ancient rockets stand in stark contrast to the present-day Chinese rocket launch vehicles, called the 'Long March', intended to place a Chinese astronaut in space by 2005 and, perhaps, to achieve a Chinese moon-landing by the end of the decade.
B F Asia, and Southeast Asia in particular, suffers from a long list of recurrent large-scale environmental problems including storms and flooding, forest fires and deforestation, and crop failures.(34 题答案) Thus the space application that has attracled the most attention in this region is remole sensing. Remote sensing satellites equipped with instruments to take photographs of the ground at different wavelengths provide essential information for natural resource accounting, environmental management, disaster prevention and monitoring, land-use mapping, and sustainable development planning. (38题答案)New and innovative uses for satellites are constantly being explored globally with potential revolutionary effects, such as in the field of health and telemedicine.
C Japan is regarded as the dominant space power in Asia and its record of successes and qualty of technologles are equal to those of the West. In vlew of the technological challenges and high risks involved in space activities, a very long, and expensive, learning curve has been fllowed to obtain those successes achieved. Japan, s satllite manufacturing was based on the old and traditional defense and military procurement methodologles as practiced in the US and Europe.
D In recent years there have been fundamental changes in the way satellites are designed and built to drastically reduce costs. The emergence of 'small satellites' and their quick adoplion by Asian countries as a way to develop low-cost satelite technology and rapidly establish a space capability has given these countries the possibility to shorten their leaming curve by a decade or more. The global increase of technology transfer mechanisms and use of readily available commercial technology to replace costly space and military standard components may very well result in a highly competitive Asian satellite manufacturing industry.(39 题答案)The development of small satllites contributes to the use of small rockets. This kind of rocket is low-cost and can send sallites to a low earth orbit. This technology is quite popular among countries for mapping purposes. With this development, people are allowed to take a picture of any part of the surface of the Earth.
E The laws of physics are the same in Tokyo as in Toulouse, and the principles of electronics and mechanics know no poltical or cultural boundaries. However, no such imutability applies to engineering practices and management; they are very much infuenced by education, culture, and history. These factors, in turn, have an effect on costs. lead times, product designs and, eventually, intemational sales. Many Asian nations are sending their engineers to be trained in the West. Highly experienced, they return to work in the growing Asian space industry. Wll this acquisition of technical expertise, coupled perhaps with the wond-renowned Japanese manufacturing and management techniques, be applied to build world-class satelites and reduce costs?
28 SectionA IV
29 SectionB VI
30 SectionC I
31 SectionD 1
32 SectionE IX
L An andent invention that is related to the future
i. An eartly start and an initial stage
i Factors influence space technology in addition to technology
Iv. Applications of space technology
v. A process to be more independent
vl. Assistance from the Westerm countries
Vli. Space development In Asla in the past
33 Telemedicne are carled out_ F
34 People need space application inAsia B
35 Small salelites are popular C
36 Satelite technology in Asia is imited for development A
A. Because doctors cannot go to some places.
B. Because they have sflered from some ssues (bushires).
C. Because they can take a photo of eveny part of the Earth.
D. Because they use this technology to find medicinal plants.
E. Because there are many factors in addition to technology.
38. NOT GIVEN
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