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剑17完整版新鲜出炉啦!!包含完整的 4个test和对应音频，大家可以好好利用起来~~《剑雅》 系列作为雅思考试的官方指南，雅思考试风向标。它在雅思备考中的重要性不必再过多强调啦。利用新的剑17可以熟悉了解题型分布以及题目难度等级上有哪些变化，然后针对性查漏补缺做准备哦。在下文中小编整理了剑桥雅思17 Test1 Passage3阅读原文及答案解析的信息，一起来看看吧。
Charles Spencer’s latest book, To Catch a King, tells us the story of the hunt for King Charles II in the six weeks after his resounding defeat at the Battle of Worcester in September 1651. And what a story it is. After his father was executed by the Parliamentarians in 1649, the young Charles II sacrificed one of the very principles his father had died for and did a deal with the Scots, thereby accepting Presbyterianism* as the national religion in return for being crowned King of Scots. His arrival in Edinburgh prompted the English Parliamentary army to invade Scotland in a pre-emptive strike. This was followed by a Scottish invasion of England. The two sides finally faced one another at Worcester in the west of England in 1651. After being comprehensively defeated on the meadows outside the city by the Parliamentarian army, the 21-year-old king found himself the subject of a national manhunt, with a huge sum offered for his capture. Over the following six weeks he managed, through a series of heart-poundingly close escapes, to evade the Parliamentarians before seeking refuge in France. For the next nine years, the penniless and defeated Charles wandered around Europe with only a small group of loyal supporters.
Years later, after his restoration as king, the 50-year-old Charles II requested a meeting with the writer and diarist Samuel Pepys. His intention when asking Pepys to commit his story to paper was to ensure that this most extraordinary episode was never forgotten. This article is from laokaoya website. Over two three-hour sittings, the king related to him in great detail his personal recollections of the six weeks he had spent as a fugitive. As the king and secretary settled down (a scene that is surely a gift for a future scriptwriter), Charles commenced his story: ‘After the battle was so absolutely lost as to be beyond hope of recovery, I began to think of the best way of saving myself.’
One of the joys of Spencer’s book, a result not least of its use of Charles II’s own narrative as well as those of his supporters, is just how close the reader gets to the action. The day-by-day retelling of the fugitives’ doings provides delicious details: the cutting of the king’s long hair with agricultural shears, the use of walnut leaves to dye his pale skin, and the day Charles spent lying on a branch of the great oak tree in Boscobel Wood as the Parliamentary soldiers scoured the forest floor below. Spencer draws out both the humour – such as the preposterous refusal of Charles’s friend Henry Wilmot to adopt disguise on the grounds that it was beneath his dignity – and the emotional tension when the secret of the king’s presence was cautiously revealed to his supporters.
Charles’s adventures after losing the Battle of Worcester hide the uncomfortable truth that whilst almost everyone in England had been appalled by the execution of his father, they had not welcomed the arrival of his son with the Scots army, but had instead firmly bolted their doors. This was partly because he rode at the head of what looked like a foreign invasion force and partly because, after almost a decade of civil war, people were desperate to avoid it beginning again. This makes it all the more interesting that Charles II himself loved the story so much ever after. As well as retelling it to anyone who would listen, causing eye-rolling among courtiers, he set in train a series of initiatives to memorialise it. There was to be a new order of chivalry, the Knights of the Royal Oak. A series of enormous oil paintings depicting the episode were produced, including a two-metre-wide canvas of Boscobel Wood and a set of six similarly enormous paintings of the king on the run. In 1660, Charles II commissioned the artist John Michael Wright to paint a flying squadron of cherubs carrying an oak tree to the heavens on the ceiling of his bedchamber. It is hard to imagine many other kings marking the lowest point in their life so enthusiastically, or indeed pulling off such an escape in the first place.
Charles Spencer is the perfect person to pass the story on to a new generation. His pacey, readable prose steers deftly clear of modern idioms and elegantly brings to life the details of the great tale. He has even-handed sympathy for both the fugitive king and the fierce republican regime that hunted him, and he succeeds in his desire to explore far more of the background of the story than previous books on the subject have done. Indeed, the opening third of the book is about how Charles II found himself at Worcester in the first place, which for some will be reason alone to read To Catch a King.
The tantalising question left, in the end, is that of what it all meant. Would Charles II have been a different king had these six weeks never happened? The days and nights spent in hiding must have affected him in some way. Did the need to assume disguises, to survive on wit and charm alone, to use trickery and subterfuge to escape from tight corners help form him? This is the one area where the book doesn’t quite hit the mark. Instead its depiction of Charles II in his final years as an ineffective, pleasure-loving monarch doesn’t do justice to the man (neither is it accurate), or to the complexity of his character. But this one niggle aside, To Catch a King is an excellent read, and those who come to it knowing little of the famous tale will find they have a treat in store.
对应原文：第1段：the young Charles II … did a deal with the Scots, thereby accepting Presbyterianism as the national religion in return for being crowned King of Scots.
答案解析：根据Scots和1649定位到第1段的这句话。原文提到，年轻的查尔斯二世与苏格兰人达成协议，成为他们的国王。浏览选项之后发现，只有H 战略联盟与句子意思相符，同时能够与空前词formed a构成语义合适、语法正确的短语，由此确定它为正确答案。
对应原文：第1段：the young Charles II sacrificed one of the very principles his father had died for and did a deal with the Scots, thereby accepting Presbyterianism as the national religion in return for being crowned King of Scots.
答案解析：根据king of scots定位到同一句话，空前词abandon与sacrifice对应，important勉强对应very，由此锁定principles。而从后文内容可以得知，该原则是与宗教信仰有关的，由此确定J为正确答案。
对应原文：第1段：The two sides finally faced one another at Worcester in the west of England in 1651. This article is from laokoaya website. After being comprehensively defeated on the meadows outside the city by the Parliamentarian army
答案解析：根据1651定位到第1段的这两句话，原文提到，在伍斯特战役中，查尔斯二世大败而归，即议会军队获得了胜利，由此确定F为正确答案(decisive victory对应comprehensively defented，只是描述对象换了而已)。
对应原文：第1段：the 21-year-old king found himself the subject of a national manhunt, with a huge sum offered for his capture.
答案解析：顺着上一题往下，根据空前修饰词offered锁定a huge sum，选项B中large对应huge，reward对应sum，由此确定它为正确答案。
对应原文：第1段：Over the following six weeks he managed … to evade the Parliamentarians before seeking refuge in France.
对应原文：第2段：Years later, after his restoration as king, the 50-year-old Charles II requested a meeting with the writer and diarist Samuel Pepys.
答案解析：原文确实提到了查尔斯二世选择Pepys来记录他的故事，但并没有说明原因。题干后半段because he considered him to be trustworthy属于无中生有，由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。
对应原文：第3段：The day-by-day retelling of the fugitives’ doings provides delicious details
答案解析：第3段提到，对于逃亡经历的逐日叙述提供了宝贵的细节。题干中lacked sufficent detail的说法与此相反，由此判断答案为NO。
对应原文：第2段：After the battle was so absolutely lost as to be beyond hope of recovery, I began to think of the best way of saving myself
答案解析：第2段最后，查尔斯二世自己说到，“在战役彻底失败，再无希望卷土重来之后，我才开始思考拯救自己的最 佳方式”。题干中before the battle的说法与原文冲突，由此判读答案为NO。
对应原文：第3段：One of the joys of Spencer’s book, a result not least of its use of Charles II’s own narrative as well as those of his supporters, is just how close the reader gets to the action.
答案解析：虽然这一句子稍微有些复杂，但我们完全可以采用笨方法去原文中寻找题干词汇的对应。其中inclusion对应use，account对应narrative，positive aspect对应one of the joys，即所有信息点文章来自老烤鸭雅思都可以在原文中找到依据，由此判断答案为YES。
对应原文：第3段：One of the joys of Spencer’s book … is just how close the reader gets to the action.
答案解析：这种例子是为了说明什么的题目，答案一般都在具体例子之前。而第三段一开始就提到，阅读Spencer作品的乐趣之一在于读者可以无比接近当时的情况。选项中只有C与此接近，由此确定它为正确答案。选项A错在losing his life(查尔斯二世并未死亡)，选项B错在badly prepared(其支持者是否有准备并未提到)，而选项D中的not as well known as they should be则完全属于无中生有，因此统统排除。
对应原文：第4段：It is hard to imagine many other kings marking the lowest point in their life so enthusiastically
对应原文：第5段： He has even-handed sympathy for both the fugitive king and the fierce republican regime that hunted him
对应原文：第6段：The days and nights spent in hiding must have affected him in some way.
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