摘要：上海新航道雅思培训班 小编为大家整理了2021年4月24日雅思考试机经真题答案回忆，每次考试后新航道雅思 小编会在1-2天内更新托福机经回忆
Test 2 Passage 2 Are Artists Liars?
1. Current job: nurse
2. Phone number : 0407686121
3. Frequent : headache
4. Occasional: colds
5. Allergic to : seafood
6. Have problem with:_ eyes
11Tall ship: K
12 Market: E
13 Live music: D
14 Meeting point: F
一个老师两个学生的讨论- Cocoa Australia澳大利亚巧克力案例分析
A add visuals
B use more up-to date materials
C more interesting information
D include case studies
E less confusing
F remove the whole section
G less details
21 Chocolate history G
22 Introduction F
23 Geography B
24 Politics C
25 Chocolate and the environment A
26 Why is Australia Cocoa Crop different from others?
A. They grow, produce and sell chocolate.
B. They get supply from small producers.
C. They impot from other countries.
27. Why is their crop stronger?
A. They grow from better seeds.
B. They grow in superior soils.
C. add extra nutrition to the seeds.
28. Waste products from chocolate is used to
A. feed the farm animals
B. dump into the soil
C. make the recycled paper
29. In the future, the company is plan to
B. make it affordable
C. expand the range of products
30. What does the professor suggest the students to do next?
B. research more on waste management.
C. know more about how to present their talk.
Cement is made of chalk and
Why it is successful: new technique of exposing it to because it hardens after
Cement is popular because it is acceptable and 33. cheap
In the process of production, CO2 will be released in 34. ovens
World's 35. 7% man-made CO2 comes from here.
used highly in 36. developing countries over 10%.
B. POL AND-CEMENT
37. unaffected by water-- C
38. cements that release CO2-- C
39. absorb CO2 faily quick-- A
40. loses strength-- B
People & Animal
Meeting new people
Celebrities and stars
Work & study
Taking a rest
Witing by hand
Try new activities
Presents and gifts
Home or apartment
The area you live in
Scenic views from a window
Plants and trees
In a hurry
Stages in life
People & Animal
Describe a person who wears unusual clothes穿着奇特的人
Describe a person who is polite礼貌的人
Describe a famous person you are interested in感兴趣的名人
Describe a time when you saw children behave badly in public熊孩子
Describe an iellient person you know聪明的人
Describe a time when it is important to tell your friend a truth告诉朋友真相
Describe a time when you got close to wild野生动物
Describe a person who shows his or her feinis openly坦率的人
Describe an old friend that you got in contact again联系到的老朋友
Describe an occasion when you lost your way in towns or cities迷路的经历
Describe a time when you felt bored无聊的经历
Describe a time when you made a promise to someone对某人许诺
Describe a time you had to wait in line (queue up) for a long time排长队
Describe a time when someone was talking about something you were not interested in
but had to stay there不感兴趣的话题
Describe a time when you give advice to others 给别人建议
Describe a time when you face a problem about computer电脑罢工
Describe a time when you need to use your imagination需要想象力
Describe a time when you ate something for the frst timediyi次吃某种东西
Describe a time when you were working with others in a group团队合作
Describe a time when you encouraged someone to do something that he/she didn't want to do鼓励别人做不愿做的事情
Describe an event you experience in which you didn't like the music不喜欢音乐的经历
Describe a kind of weather you like喜欢的天气
Describe a toy that you had in your childhood童年喜欢的玩具
Describe a perfect job you want to have想拥有的理想工作
Describe something you bought that pleased you买到开心的东西
Describe a short trip you often do but don't like to go不喜欢的短途旅行
Describe something important that has been kept in your family for a long time对家庭重要的东西
Describe a film that made you laugh搞笑的电影
Describe a prize you won获奖的经历
Describe a part of a city or town you enjoy spending time in喜欢的城镇区域
Describe a home that you visited but did not want to live in去过但不想住的家
Describe a foreign country you want to know more about感兴趣的外国城市
Describe an interesting conversation有趣的对话
Describe a skill that you think you can teach other people教别人的技能
Describe an ambition that you have had for a long time志向
Describe an interesting tradition in your countrty有趣的传统
Describe the area of science (e.g. physics, medicine, psychology) that you are interested in感兴趣的科学
Describe an expensive activity that enjoy doing occasionally昂贵的活动
Dugongs, sea cows
Dugongs are found in North Australia and South-east Asia. They favor seagrasses that are rich in 1 nitrogen. These seagrasses grow in shallow coastal waters with the availability of light.
Dugongs have long upper li with a lot of 2 sensory bristles. As they move, they leave clear 3 trails on the seabed, and tiny 4 tufts of seabed remains. The sea-grass species
favored by dugongs are those come back most 5 quickly.
6. Larger dugongs compete with smallr ones. (NG )
7. Dugongs rarely come back to the same grazing area. (F )
8. It took more than 10 years for the re growth of seagrass after a storm damage. (T)
9. Dugongs need to eat almost constantly. (T )
10 Name one sea animal that resembles dugongs. (dolphins or walrus)
11 Approximately how many dugongs lived around Hervey Bay in 1992 before the
12. Name one factor that explain the movement of dugongs within seagrass areas. ( food
availability or environmental conditions)
13. Which human activity is most harmful to the dugongs? ( fishing nets )
Are Artists liars?
P1 Shortly before his death,Marlon Brando was working on a series of instructional videos about acting. to be called "Lying for a Living" . On the surviving footage, Brando can be
seen dispensing gnomic advice on his craft to a group of enthusiastic, if somewhat bemused, Hollywood stars, including Leonardo Di Caprio and Sean Penn. Brando also recruited random people from the Los Angeles street and persuaded them to improvise (the footage is said to include a memorable scene featuring two dwarves and a giant Samoan). "f you can lie, you can act," Brando told Jod Kaftan, a writer for Rolling Stone and one of the few people to have viewed the footage. "Are you good at lying?" asked Katan. “Jesus," said Brando, “'m fabulous at it."
P2 Such parallels are hardly coincidental, as I discovered while researching my book on lying. Brando was not the first person to note that the line between an artit and a liar is a
fine one. If art is a kind of lying, then lying is a form of art, albeit of a lower order- as Oscar Wilde and Mark Twain have observed. Indeed, lying and artistic stoyelling spring from a
common neurological root-one that is exposed in the cases of psychiatric patients who suffer from a particular kind of impairment. Both liars and artists refuse to accept the tyranny of reality. Both carefully craft stories that are worthy of belef- a skill requiring itelletual sophistication, emotional sensitivity and physical slf-control ( liars are writers
and performers of their own work).
P3 Confabulating patients are nearly always oblivious to their own conditin, and will earnestly give absurdly implausible explanations of why they're in hospital, or talking to a doctor. One patient, asked about his surgical scar,explained that during the Second World War he surprised a teenage gir who shot him three times in the head, klling him, only for surgery to bring him back to life. Others tel yet more fantastical tales, about trips to the moon, fighting alongside Alexander in India or seeing Jesus on Cross. Confabulators aren't out to deceive. They engage in what Mrris Moscovitch, a neuropsychologist, calls "honest lying". Uncertain,and obscurely distressed by their uncertainly, they are seized by a 'compulsion to narrate': a deep-seated need to shape, order and explain what they do not understand. Chronic confabulators are often highly inventive at the verbal level, jamming together words in nonsensical but suggestive ways: one patient, when asked what happened to Queen Marie Antoinette of France, answered that she had been "suicide"by her family. In a sense, these patients are like novelists, as described by Henry James: people on whom "nothing is wasted". Unlike writers, however, they have lttle or no control over thelr own material.
P4 The wider significance of this condition is what it tells us about ourselves. Evidently there is a gushing river of verbal creativity in the normal human mind, from which both
artistic invention and lying are drawn. We are bom storytellers, spinning narrative out of our experience and imagination, straining against the leash that keeps us tethered to realityThis is a wonderful thing: it is what gives us our ability to conceive of alternative futures and different worlds. And it helps us to understand our own lives through the entertaining stories of others. But it can lead us into trouble,particularly when we try to persuade others that out inventions are real. Most of the time, as our stories bubble up to consciousness, we exercise our cerebral censors, contrlling which stories we tell, and to whom, Yet people lie for all sorts of reasons, including the fact that confabulating can be
P5 During a now-famous libel case in 1996, Jonathan Aitken, a former cabinet minister, recounted a tale to ilustrate the horrors he endured after a national newspaper tained his name. The case, which stretched on for more than two years, involved a series of claims made by the Guardian about Aitken's relationships with Saudi arms dealers, including meetings he algedly held with them on a trip to Paris while he was a govemment minister. What amazed many in hindsight was the sheer superfluity of the lies Aitken told during his testimony. Ailken's case cllpsed in June 1997, when his defence fnally found indisputable evidence about his Paris trip. Until then, Aitken's charm, fluency and flair for theatrical displays of sincerty looked as if they might bring him victory. They revealed that not only was Aitken's daughter not with him that day (when he was indeed doorstepped), but also that the minister had simply got into his car and drove off, with no vehicle in pursuit.
P6 Of course, unlike Aitken, actors, playwrights and nvelists are not ltrallyy atempting to deceive us, because the rules are laid out in advance: come to the theatre, or open this
book, and we'll lie to you. Perhaps this is why we felt it necessary to invent art in the first place: as a safe space into which our lies can be orralled, and channeled into something
sclally useful. Given the universal compulsion to tell stories, art is the best way to refine and enjoy the particulartly outlandish or insighful ones. But that is not the whole story. The
key way in which artistic“lies”differ from normal lies, and from the "honest lying" of chronic confabulators, is that they have a meaning and resonance beyond their creator. The lar lies on behalf of himself; the artist tell lies on behalf of everyone. If writers have a compulsion to narrate, they compel themselves to find insights about the human conditin. Mario Vargas Llosa has witten that novels "express a curious truth that can only be expressed in a furtive and veiled fashion, masquerading as what it is not." Art is a lie whose
secret ingredient is truth.
i Unsuccessful deceit
i Biological basis between liars and artists
i How to lie in an artistic way
iv Chronic liars and their stories exemplifers
v The distinction between arists and common liars
vi The fine line between liars and artists
vi The definition of confabulation
vili Creativity when people lie
14 ParagraphA vi
15 ParagraphB il
16 ParagraphC iv
17 ParagraphD vili
18 ParagraphE i
19 ParagraphF v
Q 20-21 Choose Two lters, A-E
Which Two of the fllowing statements about confabulating patients are true?A E
A. They have lost cognitive abilies.
B. They do not deliberatly tell a lie.
C. They are normally aware of their condition .
D. They do not have the impetus to explain what they do not understand.
E. They ty to make up stories.
Q 22-23 Choose Two lters, A-E
Which Two of the fllowin statements about playwrights and novelists are true? B E
A. They give more meaning to the stories.
B. They tell lies for the benefit of themselves..
C. They have nothing to do with the truth out there.
D. We can be misled by them if not careful.
E. We know there are lies in the content.
A 24 newspaper accused Jonathan Aitken, a fomer cabinet minister, who was selling and buying with 25 arms dealers. Aitken's case collapsed in June 1997. when the defence fnally found indisputable evidence about his Paris trip. He was deemed to have his 26 victory. They revealed that not only was Aitken's daughter not with him that day, but
Sign, baby, sign
34. Parents should teach deaf babies home gestures (F)
35. ASL is the most used sign language in the world (NG)
36. ASL can be used in primary school for children as an altermative subject.(F)
37. Children who use ASL lear vocabulary better than grammar (NG)
38. Children have less difcultyt learning sign than speaking (T)
39. First and second language are stored in different areas of brain (T)
40. That speaking must be taught before sign language is an outdated view, said Dr.
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