4008-125-888
春季班2月报班享8折
首页>雅思>雅思阅读>2021年3月27日雅思考试阅读机经真题答案回忆【新航道版】

2021年3月27日雅思考试阅读机经真题答案回忆【新航道版】

2021-04-01 14:36来源:互联网作者:上海管理员

摘要:今天上海新航道雅思培训班 小编为大家整理了2021年3月27日雅思考试阅读真题答案回忆,每次考试后新航道雅思 小编会在1-2天内更新最新托福机经回忆

Passage 1

Topic

The Baobabs of Madagascar

1-6为判断题

1.All baobabs species are found in this region. False

2. Grandildieri baobabs can be found in most areas of Madagascar. False

3.Adanson Michel and xXx Grandildieri were first European botanists whocame to study the trees. Not Given

4.Avene De XXX(地点)were formed because the growth of agriculture.True

5. Baobabs provide valuable products to local people.True

6. The reasons lead to the damage of Baobabs forests are clear. False

7-13为填空题

7. water near by area

8. cyclones

9. farming

10. logging activities

11. two kinds of animals are killed

12. maps

13.book

Passage 2(机考)

Topic

Should leaders be promoted from within the company, or hired from

outside?

14-18为匹配题

14.G

15.A

16.E

17.D

18.B

19-22为填空题

19.analysts

20.environment

21.salary

22. team

23-26为判断题

23. Not Given

24.Yes

25. No

26.Yes

Passage 3(机考)

Topic

Musical Maladies

9分达人3 test 4

Norman M. Weinberger reviews the latest work of Oliver Sacks on music.

Music and the brain are both endlessly fascinating subjects,and as aneuroscientist specialising in auditory learning and memory, l find them especiallyintriguing. So l had high expectations of Musicophilia,the latest offering fromneurologist and prolific author Oliver Sacks.And l confess to feeling a little guiltyreporting that my reactions to the book are mixed ( 27,31题) .

Sacks himself is the best part of Musicophilia. He richly documents his own life inthe book and reveals highly personal experiences.The photograph of him on thecover of the book which shows him wearing headphones,eyes closed,clearly enchanted as he listens to Alfred Brendel perform Beethoven's PathitiqueSonata--makes a positive impression that is borne out by the contents of the book(32题).Sacks's voice throughout is steady and erudite but never pontifical.He isneither self-conscious nor self-promoting.(28题)

The preface gives a good idea of what the book will deliver. In it Sacks explainsthat he wants to convey the insights gleaned from the enormous and rapidlygrowing body of work on the neural underpinnings of musical perception andimagery, and the complex and often bizarre disorders to which these are prone."He also stresses the importance of Mthe simple art of observation" and Mtherichness of the human context.He wants to combine observation and descriptionwith the latest in technology,"(29题)he says,and to imaginatively enter into theexpe-rience of his patients and subjects. The reader can see that Sacks, whohas been practicingneurology for 40 years,is torn between the old-fashionedpath of observation and the new-fangled,high-tech approach: He knows that heneeds to take heed of the latter, but his heart lies with the former.

The book consists mainly of detailed descriptions of cases, most of them involvingpatients whom Sacks has seen in his practice.Brief discussions of contemporaryneuroscientific reports are sprinkled liberally throughout the text.Part l,MHauntedby Music," begins with the strange case of Tony Cicoria,a nonmusical,middle-aged surgeon who was consumed by a love of music after being hit bylightning. He suddenly began to crave listening to piano music,which _ he hadnever cared for in the past. He started to play the piano and then to composemusic,1 which arose spontaneously in his mind in a u torrentw of notes. Howcould this happen? Was l the cause psychological? (He had had a near-deathexperience when the lightning struck him.) Or was it the direct result of a changein the auditory regions of his cerebral cortex? Electro-encephalography (EEG)showed his brain waves to be normal in the mid-1990s, just after his trauma andsubsequent Mconversionw to music. There are now more sensitive tests,but Cicoria has declined to undergo them; he does not want to delve into the causesof his musicality. What a shame!(30题)

Part ll,"A Range of Musicality," covers a wider variety of topics, but unfortunately,some of the chapters offer little or nothing that is new(33题).For example, chapter13, which is five pages long, merely notes that the blind often have better hearingthan the sighted. The most interesting chapters are those that present thestrangest cases. Chapter 8 is about "amusia,"an inability to hear sounds asmusic, and “dysharmonia,"a highly specific impairment of the ability to hearharmony,with the ability to understand melody left intact. Such specificdissociationsw are found throughout the cases Sacks recounts.

To Sacks's credit,part lll,"Memory,Movement and Music," brings us into theunderappreciated realm of music therapy. Chapter 16 explains how "melodicintonation therapy" is being used to help expressive aphasic patients (thoseunable to express their thoughts verbaDy following a stroke or other cerebralincident) once again become capable of fluent speech. In chapter 20,Sacksdemonstrates the near-miraculous power of music to animate Parkinson's patientsand other people with severe movement disorders, even those who are frozen intoodd postures. Scientists cannot yet explain how music achieves this effect.

Toreaders whoareunfamiliar with neuroscienceand musicbehavior,Musicophilia may be something of a revelation.But the book will notsatisfy those seeking the causes and implications of the phenomena Sacksdescribes.For one thing,Sacks appears to be more at ease dis* cussing patientsthan discussing experiments. And he tends to be rather uncritical in acceptingscientific findings and theories(34题).

It's true that the causes of music-brain oddities remain poorly understood.However,Sacks could have done more to draw out some of the implications of the careful observations that he and other neurologists have made and of thetreatments that have been successful.For example, he might have noted that themany specific dissociations among components of music comprehension,such asloss of the ability to perceive harmony but not melody,indicate that there is nomusic center in the brain ( 37题) .Because many people who read the book arelikely to believe in the brain localisation of all mental functions, this was a missededucational opportunity.

Another conclusion one could draw is that there seem to be no Mcuresff forneurological problems involving music. A drug can alleviate a symptom in onepatient and aggravate it in another, or can have both positive and negative effectsin the same patient. Treatments mentioned seem to be almost exclusivelyantiepileptic medications,which "damp down" the excitability of the brain ingeneral; their effectiveness varies widely ( 38题).

Finally,in many of the cases described here the patient with music-brainsymptoms is reported to have "normal”EEG results ( 39题) . Although Sacksrecognises the existence of new technologies, among them far more sensitiveways to analyze brain waves than the standard neurological EEG test, he does notcall for their use. In fact,although he exhibits the greatest compassion forpatients, he conveys no sense of urgency about the pursuit of new avenues in thediagnosis and treatment of music-brain disorders(36题).This absence echoes thebook's preface, in which Sacks expresses fear that wthe simple art of observationmay be lost" if we rely too much on new technologies. He does call for bothapproaches(40题), though,and we can only hope that the neurological communitywill respond.

27-30为单选题

27.The writer expected it to be better than it was.

28.He included autobiographic details in his book

29.He tries to come to terms with new technologies.30.He was unwilling to take more sophisticated tests.31-36为判断题

31. lt feels uncomfortable to give a well-respected writer a less than favourablereview.

32. Beethoven's Pathitique Sonata is a good treatment for musical disorders.33. Part ll provides a large number of new ideas about musicality.

34. Sacks should be more skeptical about other theories and findings.

35. Current drugs will be phased out with the development of study of music.

36. Sacks is impatient to use new methods to treat music-brain disorders.

37-40为匹配题

37. Loss of the ability to perceive harmony but not melody

答案: suggest musical centre is not located in the brain.

38. Different outcomes of treatments for patients

答案:means the effectiveness of drugs vary.

39.EEG scans of Sacks's patients

答案: show no music-brain disorders.

40.Sacks believes testing based on new technologies

答案: should not be used in isolation.


免费领取资料

免费领取最新剑桥雅思、TPO、SAT真题、百人留学备考群,名师答疑,助教监督,分享最新资讯,领取独家资料。

方法1:扫码添加新航道老师

微信号:shnc_2018

方法2:留下表单信息,老师会及时与您联系

热门课程

  • 走读班(6-10人)
  • 走读班(20-30人)
  • 住宿班(6-10人)
  • 住宿班(20-30人)
  • 雅思一对一
课程名称 班级人数 课时 学费 报名
雅思词汇语法班6-10人班 6-10人 48课时 ¥8800 在线咨询
雅思强化6-10人班(争6分) 6-10人 96课时 ¥24800 在线咨询
雅思全程6-10人班(争6.5/7分) 6-10人 192课时 ¥39800 在线咨询
雅思冲刺6-10人班(争6.5/7.5) 6-10人 96课时 ¥25800 在线咨询
雅思口语单项班 15-20人 按需定制 在线咨询
课程名称 班级人数 课时 学费 报名
雅思强化20-30人班(争6分) 20-30人 96课时 ¥7800 在线咨询
雅思全程20-30人班(争6.5/7分) 20-30人 192课时 ¥13800 在线咨询
雅思冲刺20-30人班(争6.5/7.5) 20-30人 96课时 ¥8800 在线咨询
课程名称 班级人数 课时 学费 报名
雅思强化班(住宿) 6-10人 152 ¥25800 在线咨询
雅思全程精讲班(4周,住宿) 6-10人 304课时 ¥41800 在线咨询
雅思精品冲刺班(6.5/7.5分,住宿) 6-10人 152课时 ¥26800 在线咨询
雅思词汇语法VIP6-10人班(住宿) 8-10人 48课时 ¥8800 在线咨询
雅思特训班(6分3周,住宿) 10 228 ¥30800 在线咨询
课程名称 班级人数 课时 学费 报名
雅思强化住宿班(争6分) 20-30人 96课时 ¥8800 在线咨询
雅思全程住宿班(争6.5/7分) 20-30人 192课时 ¥15800 在线咨询
雅思冲刺住宿班(争6.5/7.5分) 20-30人 96课时 ¥9800 在线咨询
课程名称 班级人数 课时 学费 报名
雅思一对一 1人 按需定制 在线咨询
托雅预备十一特训班 6-8人 48课时 ¥4800 在线咨询
雅思词汇语法十一特训班 6-8人 48 ¥8800 在线咨询
雅思名师班 随到随学 不限 8小时 ¥199 在线咨询

免责声明
1、如转载本网原创文章,请表明出处;
2、本网转载媒体稿件旨在传播更多有益信息,并不代表同意该观点,本网不承担稿件侵权行为的连带责任;
3、如本网转载稿、资料分享涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后速与新航道联系(电话:021-64380066),我们会第一时间删除。

  • 徐家汇校区
  • 人民广场校区
  • 浦东校区
  • 中山公园校区
  • 杨浦校区
  • 闵行校区
  • 松江校区
  • 封闭学院
  • 地址:徐汇区裕德路126号

    乘车路线:地铁1、4号线上海体育馆、3号线9号线宜山路站、11号线上海游泳馆站

  • 地址:南京西路338号天安中心24楼

    乘车路线:地铁1、2、8号线人民广场站

  • 地址:浦东新区世纪大道1128号岚桥国际大厦3楼(地铁2号线世纪大道站12号口出)

    乘车路线:地铁2、4、6号线世纪大道站

  • 地址:长宁路1158号 贝多芬广场 4楼414室

    乘车路线:乘车路线:地铁3、4号线中山公园站

  • 地址:杨浦区国宾路18号万达广场A座18楼

    乘车路线:地铁10号线五角场站

  • 地址:东川路1779-19号

    乘车路线:地铁5号线 东川路站4号口出

  • 地址:松江大学城四期校区:文汇路928弄想飞天地2204

    乘车路线:地铁9号线松江大学城站下

  • 地址:上海市浦东新区惠南镇拱极路2151号

    乘车路线:地铁16号线惠南站

  • 微信公众号
  • 微信社群

注册/登录

+86
获取验证码

登录

+86

收不到验证码?

知道了

找回密码

+86
获取验证码
下一步

重新设置密码

为您的账号设置一个新密码

保存新密码

密码重置成功

请妥善保存您的密码
立即登录

为了确保您的帐号安全

请勿将帐号信息提供给他人/机构