1. Time: 7.45 p.m.Tuesday
2. Something you can write on
3. Price:$ 140 for 4 classes
4. Get a certificate
5. Bring your own, knife and container for conditioning
6. to use teacher ingredient: extra $56
7. Lawton Community Centre
8. Good for problem with the neck
9. Towel _and special mat
10. A small mirror
11. the man in the Iron Age village?
A. felt cold
B. get up early
C. they have the timne themseives
12. what about the food there?
A. take a long time to prepare
B. it contains fruits such as berries
C. people eat quickly during the meal
13. the most important work for Black-smith was?
A. amend broken tools
B. maintain good source fo heat
C. collect firewood
14. what did they like to do after dinner around the fire?
A. too tired to eat
B. talk about something
C. they talk about what they bave done
15. what the man likes most?
A. varied work
B. share knowledge with others
C. a lot of exercise
16. wooden pees into the hole
17. tools are made from bones
18. wood of hazel
19. using roof scaffold
20. the level and wooden poles should be equal
关键词: brand, management
Lost and found
The area you live in
People & Animal
Describe someone you really like to spend time with你喜欢在一起的人
Describe an interesting neighbor一个有趣的邻居
Describe a popular/well. known person in your country你们国家的一个名人
Describe a family member who you want to work with in the future未来想共事的-一个家人
Describe a friend you like to talk with一个喜欢与之聊天的朋友
Describe a person who you follow on social media社交媒体上关注的人
Describe a person you only met once and want to know more about只见过一面但想进一步了解的人
Describe a person who contributes to the society对社会有贡献的人
Describe something that surprised you and made you happy让你惊喜又开心的事情
Describe a time when you were stuck in a traffi jam交通堵塞的经历
Describe an important event that you celebrated庆祝的重要的事情
Describe a time when you organized a happy event successfully成功组织事件
Describe a time you were busy忙碌的经历
Describe a time when you helped a child帮助小朋友的经历
Describe a time when you gave advice to others你给他人建议的一次经历
Describe a waylchange that helps you save a lot of time帮你节约很多时间的方法/改变
Describe a dfficult decision you made做的一-个困难( 但最终有好结果的)决定
Describe a time you used your cellphone/smartphone to do something important用手机做件重要事情的经历
Describe an occasion that you lost something你丢了某件东西的经历
Describe a long walk you ever had一次长途步行的经历
Describe an interesting conversation you had with your friend-次 与朋友的有趣谈话
Describe a special day out that cost you ittle money/ didn't cost you much外出并且花钱少的一天
Describe an occasion when someone gave you positive advice or suggestion about your work or study别人对你的学习工作给出积极的评价或建议的经历
Describe something that was broken in your home and then repaired在家里坏掉且修好的东西.
Describe an invention that changes the world in a positive way积极改变世界的发明
Describe a traditinal product in your country传统的产品
Describe a special cake you received from others从别人那得到的特殊蛋糕
Describe something that you can't live without (not a computer/phone)一件你离不开的物品(不能是电脑/手机)
Describe a toy you liked in your childhood童年时期喜欢的一-件玩具
Describe a gift you would like to buy for your friend想送给朋友的一份礼物
Describe something you received for free一个免费得到的物品
Describe an item of clothing that someone gave you别人送你的衣物
Describe a city that you think is very interesting你认为很 有趣的城市
Describe a place in a vllage that you visited访 问的村庄
Describe a house or an apartment you would like you live in想住的房 子
Describe a time you visited a new place一次去新地方的经历
Describe an important rierl/ake in your country一个重要的河流/湖泊
Describe a quiet place一个安静的地方
Describe a rule that you don't like and want to change in the future你不喜欢并且想改变的规则.
Describe something you do to keep fit and healthy 一 件帮助保持健康的事情
Describe a skill that you learned from older people从年长的人身上学到的一项技能
Describe something you do that can help you concentrate on work/ study做的一件帮助你集中注意力的事
Describe an interesting song 一首有趣的歌
Describe an ambition that you haven't achieved 一个尚未实现的志向
Describe a thing you did to learn another language学语言的事情
Describe a contest/competition you would like to participate in 你想参加的一个比赛
Describe a course that impressed youa lot影响你很深的课程
A volunteer effort to map all the food stores in Brooklyn, N.Y, is an example of two rising trends: citizen mapping and inereasing scrutiny of urban Amerieans' access to healthy food.
The Brooklyn Food Coalition held its data entry party on the Monday after Martin Luther King Jr. Day.That night was especially dry and cold; even indoors,everyone was bundled in
sweatshirts and scarves. Above couches on which eight volunteers sat with laptops perched on their knees, there hung a framed quote by Indian author Arundhati Roy:"Not only is another
world possible she is on her way. On a quiet day, I can hear her breathing."
The volunteers were collating the results of a recent survey of the 200-some greengrocers and convenience stores in Crown Heights, a neighborhood in Brooklyn N.Y. As they tapped away
on their keyboards, colorful dots appeared on their online map, Foodcensus.org. The map shows the loeations of all the food stores in a handful of central Brooklyn neighborhoods.
Clicking on a location-one of the dots-brings up a dialogue balloon that displays the store's name and address and whether it earries fresh fruit and vegetables w hole grain bread, low-fat
dairy and other healthy options.' The volunteers plan to eventually map the entire borough.
Northern and central Brooklyn have some of the unhealthiest food stores in New York City,according to a paper published by New York City District Public Health Offce researchers in January,"We want to get to a more specific and detailed description of what that looks like,"says Jeffrey Heehs, who leads the mapping project. He hopes the map will help residents find
fresh food and help policymakers assess food availability.
The Brooklyn mapping effort represents the intersection of two growing trends:mapping fresh food markets in Us. Cities and private citizens creating online maps of local features in their
neighborhoods. According to Michae Goodchild, a geographer at the University of California at Santa Barbara, citizen cartographers may make maps just for fun; because there is no
good government-made map for the area, as in Port-au-Prince, Haiti; or to record problems such as potholes or burned-out traff lights.
"AlI this has come out in the past four years," says Michele Ver Ploeg, a USDA economist who prepared相report to Congress in2009 about "food deserts," or urban areas where the stores
sell mostly packaged snacks or fast food instead of fresh produce.
Low-incorme neighborhoods, w here residents are at higher risk for obesity and chronie disease,are often located in food deserts according to recent research.Researchers have several theories about how food deserts arose. Linda Alwitt and Thomas Donley marketing researchers at DePaul University in Chicago, wrote in The Journal of Consumer Affairs in 2005 that
supermarkets often can't afford large enough properties for their stores in cities. Alwitt and Donley also have posited that when more affuent families moved out of many inner cities in
the Us.during the1970s and 1980s ，supermarkets left as well.City planning researcher Cliff Guy and his cllagues at the University of Leeds in the U.K.wrote in the International Journal
of Retail& Distribution Management in2004 that smaller urban groceries tend to close due to competition from suburban supermarkets.
As fresh food stores leave a neighborhood residents find it harder to eat well and stay healthy.
Food deserts are linked with lower local health outcomes, and they may be a driving force in the health disparities among lower -income and affluent people in. the Us The issue attracted
national attention in2008 when that year's Farm Bill included for the first time, funding to study and improve food deserts.
Now more Us.cities are taking stock of their food landscapes. Last year, the USDA launched a map of food store densities in all the U.s. counties Mari Gallagher who runs a private'
consulting firm says her researchers have mapped food stores and health statistics for the cities of Detroit, Chicago, Cincinnati and Washington D.c. These maps help cities identify where food deserts are and occasionally, have documented that people living in food deserts have higher rates of cancer and diet-related diseases.
The Brooklyn effort differs in that it's run by local core of five volunteers not professional researchers, who have worked on the projcct for the past year. To gather data they simply go to individual stores with pre-printed surveys in hand and check off boxes for the products for sale and whether the store accepts food stamp benefits.The team usually works with other local
service groups or high school students looking to fulfill community service hours.
As citizen cartographers, they're a part of the second trend,one that geographers say is becoming increasingly popular. The movement is fueled by new technologies such as mapping apps and GPS-enabled smart phones, other handheld GPS devices, Google maps and Open treet Map, an open-souree online map with a history involvement in social justice. After Haiti's devastating January 2010 earthquake, for example, Open Street Map contributors built the first digital street map of Port-au-Prinee. Brooklyn-based Foodcensus.org uses Open Street Map as its base. Such tools are"very, very simple to use and esentially available to everybody" says Goodchild.
Like the Brooklyn Food Coalition volunteers many citizen cartographers use maps to bring loeal problems to olfcial atention Goodchild says. Heehs, the mapping projet leader says that
after his group gathers more data, it will compare neighborhoods,draft policies to address local needs and then lobby New York City officials. Foodcensusorg hasn't caught much local or
official attention yet ,however. The Web site, which launched last month doesn't yet track its hits so its creators don't know who's looking at it.'
Experts who visited the, Brooklyn group's site were optimistic but cautious'"This kind of detailed information could be very useful says Ver Ploeg. To make the map more helpful to
both residents and policy makers, she would like to see price data for healthy products too Karen Ansela registered dietician and a spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association,
found the site confusing to navigate. "That said, with this information in navigate. "That said,with this information in place, Foodcensus has the tools to build a more user-friendly site that could be.very helpful to consumers" she says The group also should . ensure their map is available to those who don't have internet access at home she adds. In fact, 27 percent of
Brooklyn residents don't have internet at home and8 percent rely on dial-up serviceinstead of high-speed, internet access, according to Gretchen Maneval, director of Brooklyn College's
Center for the Study of Brooklyn. The Center's numbers come from data received from the New York City Mayor's Offce.
"It's still very much a work in progress," Heehs says of the coalition's online map. They'll start advertising it online and bye-mail to other community groups such as urban food garden
associations, next month.He also e hopes warmer days in the spring will draw out more volunteers to finish surveying-they. have about two-thirds of Brooklyn left to cover-and to spread awareness.
12. NOT GIVEN
A. The relationship between Tasmania tigers and dingoes.
B. The prevention on the number of dingoes.
C. Dingo's preference on predators.
D. The introduction of dingoes to Australia.
E. Dingoes prefer native animals than non- native ones.
F. An earlier method to control dingoes.
21. D 'The number of dingoes will affect the income of farmers.
22. A The relationship between dingoes and balance of nature.
23. B The preference on predators.
24. The extinction ofTasmanian tigers are partly due to the competition from dingoes.
25. Dingoes prefer to choose calves as their preys.
26. Dingoes can control the number of wild-ife animal from overpopulation.
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