摘要：今天上海新航道雅思培训班 小编为大家整理了2021年4月10日雅思考试机经真题答案回忆，每次考试后新航道雅思 小编会在1-2天内更新托福机经回忆
Test 2 Passage 1
The Innovation of Grocery Stores
Problems of flat
1. Share the flat with: Cousin
2.Contact landlord's : service manager3. Repair fee : 50
4. Urgent repair:Private company5.Can be contacted by mobile number
6. Need to sign the agreement after the repair
7.what's the problem with the bathroom window?
a.The glass were broken
B.The lock needs to be checked
C. The frame needs repairing
8. When the electricity can be repaired?
A. After Washing machine being checked
B.Examine the electricity first
C. After all the switches are renewed
9. What will be done to the central heating system?
10.Problem in the main hall?
A. paint works
11. Less people
12. Every afternoons
15. Free entertainment
16. A meal in the old train
17&18.education book for children and flags
19&20. all ages and vote several times
21.time: early evening
22.you need to report to your: seminar groupltems you have to take:
23.list of objectives
the purpose of presentation: ability to have :
25.check whether did you do: wide reading
26.be able to make a clear argument
27.how well you can do to design researchteacher's suggestions for the presentation:
28.you have to write the theory chapters
29.the things you get: checklist
30.find xx from: www. Studentlink.com
Children and psychology
People & Animal
Meeting new people
Celebrities and stars
Work & study
Taking a rest
Writing by hand
Try new activities
Presents and gifts
Home or apartment
The area you live in
Scenic views from a window
Plants and trees
Mathsln a hurry
Stages in life
People & Animal
Describe a person who wears unusual clothes穿着奇特的人
Describe a person who is polite 礼貌的人
Describe a famous person you are interested in感兴趣的名人
Describe a time when you saw children behave badly in public熊能期亥子
Describe an intelligent person 聪明的人
Describe a time when it is important to tell your friend a truth告诉朋友真相
Desaribe a time when you got close to wild野生动物
Describe an occasion when you lost your way in towns or cities迷路的经历
Desaribe a time when you felt bored无聊的经历
Describe a time when you made a promise to someone 对某人许诺
Describe a time you had to wait in line(queue up) for a long time 排长队
Describe a time when someone was talking about something you were not interested inbut had to stay there 不感兴趣的话题
Desaribe a time when you give advice to others 给别人建议
Describe a time when you face a problem about computer电脑罢工
Describe a time when you need to use your imagination需要想象力
Describe a time when you ate something for the first time次吃某种东西
Describe a time when you were working with others in a group团队合作
Describe a time when you encouraged someone to do something that he/she didn't wantto do鼓励别人做不愿做的事情
Desaribe an event you experience in which you didn't like the music不喜欢音乐的经历
Describe a kind of weather you like 喜欢的天气
Describe a toy that you had in your childhood童年喜欢的玩具
Describe a perfect job you want to have想拥有的理想工作
Describe something you bought that pleased you买到开心的东西
Describe a short trip you often do but don't like to go不喜欢的短途旅行
Describe something important that has been kept in your family for a long time对家庭重要的东西
Describe a film that made you laugh搞笑的电影Desaribe a prize you won获奖的经历
Describe a part of a city or town you enjoy spending time in喜欢的城镇区域
Describe a home that you visited but did not want to live in去过但不想住的家
Desaribe a foreign country you want to know more about感兴趣的外国城市
Describe an interesting conversation有趣的对话
Desaribe a skill that you think you can teach other people 教别人的技能
Describe an ambition that you have had for a long time志向
Desaribe an interesting tradition in your country有趣的传统
Describe the area of science (e.g. physics, medicine, psychology) that you are interestedin感兴趣的科学
Describe an expensive activity that enjoy doing occasionally昂贵的活动
The Inn ovation of Grocery Store
A. At the beginning of the 20th century, grocery stores in the United States werefull-service.A customer would ask a clerk behind the counter for specific item and theclerk would package the items,which were limited to dry goods. lf they want to savesome time, they have to ask a delivery boy or by themselves to send the note of whatthey want to buy to the grocery story first and then go to pay for the goods later.Thesegrocery stores usually carried only one brand of each good. There were early chainstores，such as the A&P Stores,but these were all entirely full-service and verytime-consuming.
B. In 1885, a Virginia boy named Clarence Saunders began working part-time as aclerk in a grocery store when he was 14 years old,and quit school when theshopkeeper offered him Ml time work with room and board.Later he worked in anAlabama coke plant and in a Tennessee sawmill before he returned to the grocerybusiness.By 1900, when he was nineteen years old, he was eaming $30 a month as asalesman for a wholesale grocer.During his years working in the grocery stores, hefound that it was very inconvenient and inefficient for people to buy things becausemore than a century ago， long before there were computers,shopping was done quitedifferently than it is today. Entering a store, the customer would approach the counter(or wait for a cerk to become available) and place an order, either verbally or, as wasoften the case for boys running errands, in the form of a note or list. While the customerwaited, the clerk would move behind the counter and throughout the store, select theitems on the list—some form shelves so high that long-handled grasping device had tobe used—and bring them back to the counter to be tallied and bagged or boxed. Theprocess might be expedited by the customer calling or sending in the order beforehand,or by the order being handled by a delivery boy on a bike, but otherwise it did not varygreatly. Saunders, a flamboyant and innovative man, noticed that this method resultedin wasted time and expense, so he came up with an unheard-of solution that would revolutionize the entire grocery industry: he developed a way for shoppers to servethemselves.
c. So in 1902 he moved to Memphis where he developed his concept to form agrocery wholesale cooperative and a full-service grooery store.For his new“cafeteriagrocery" , Saunders divided his grocery into three distinct areas:
1)A front "lobby" forming an entrance and exit and checkouts a t the front.
2)A sales department, which was specially designed to allow customers to roam theaisles and select their own groceries.Removing unnecessary derks, creating elaborateaisle displays，and rearranging the store to force customers to view all of themerchandise and over the shelving and cabinets units of sales department were“galleries" where supervisors were allowed to keep an eye on the customers while notdisturbing them. 3) And another section of his store is the room only allowed for theclerks which was called the "stockroom" or "storage room" where large refrigeratorswere situated to keep fresh products from being perishable. The new format allowedmultiple customers to shop at the same time，and led to the previously unknownphenomenon of impulse shopping. Though this format of grocery market was drasticallydifferent from its competitors, the style became the standard for the modern grocerystore and later supermarket
D.On September 6,1916,Saunders launched the self-service revolution in the USAby opening the first self-service Piggly Wiggly store, at 79 Jefferson Street in Memphis,Tennessee,with its characteristic turnstile at the entrance.Customers paid cash andselected their own goods from the shelves. lt was unlike any other grocery store of thattime. Inside a Piggly Wiggly, shoppers were not at the mercy of shop clerks.They werefree to roam the store, check out the merchandise and get what they needed with theirown two hands and feet.Prices on items at Piggly Wiggly were clearly marked.No onepressured customers to buy milk or pickles.And the biggest benefit at the Piggly Wigglywas that shoppers saved money. Self-service was a positive all around. "it's good forboth the consumer and retailer because it cuts costs,"noted George T. Haley，aprofessor at the University of New Haven and director of the Center for International Industry Competitiveness."If you looked at the way grocery stores were run previous toPiggly Wiggly and Alpha Beta, what you find is that there was a tremendous amount oflabor involved, and labor is a major expense.”"Piggly Wiggly cut the fat.
E.Piggly Wiggly and the self-service concept took off.Saunders opened nine storesin the Memphis area within the first year of business.Consumers embraced theefficiency, the simplicity and most of all the lower food prices.Saunders soon patentedhis self-service concept,and began franchising Piggly Wiggly stores.Thanks to thebenefits of self-service and franchising，Piggly Wiggly ballooned to nearly 1,300 storesby 1923. Piggly Wiggly sold $100 million—worth $1.3 billion today—in groceries,making it the third-biggest grocery retailer in the nation.The company's stock was evenlisted on the New York Stock Exchange,doubling from late 1922 to March 1923.Saunders had his hands all over Piggly Wiggly.He was instrumental in the design andlayout of his stores. He even invented the turnstile.
F. However Saunders was forced into bankruptcy in 1923 after a dramatic spat withthe New York Stock Exchange and he went on to create the “Clarence Saunderssole-owner-of-my-name" chain, which went into bankruptcy.
G.Until the time of his death in October 1953, Saunders was developing plans foranother automatic store system called the Food electric.But the store,which was to belocated two blocks from the first Piggly Wiggly store, never opened.But his name waswell-remembered along with the name Piggly Wiggly.
6. When Clarence Saunders was an adolescent,he took a job as a clerk in a grocerystore.
7.In the new innovation of grocery store, most of the clerks' work before was done byshoppers/customers.
8. In Saunders' new grocery store,the section where customers finish the paymentwas called lobby.
9.Another area in his store which behind the public area was called the stockroom,where only intemal staff could access.
10.At galleries customers were under surveillance.
11 Why did Clarence Saunders want to propel the innovation of grocery stores at hisage?
A. Because he was an enthusiastic and creative man.
B. Because his boss wanted to reform the grocery industry.
C. Because he wanted to develop its efficiency and make great profit aswell.
D. Because he worried about the future competition from the industry.
12 What happened to Clarence Saun ders' first store of Piggly Wiggly?
A.Customers complained about its impracticality and inconvenience.
B. lt enjoyed a great business and was updated in the first twelve months.
C. lt expanded to more than a thousand franchised stores during the first year.
D.Saunders was required to have his new idea patented and open more stores.
13.What lef to Clarence Saunders after his death in 1953?
A.A fully automatic store system opened soon near his first store.
B. The name of his store the Piggly Wiggly was very popular at that time.
C.His name was usually connected with his famous shop the Piggly Wiggly in thefollowing several years.
D.His name was painted together with the name of his famous store.
Jellyfish-the dominant species
How human life has changed over the years?
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