首页>雅思>剑桥雅思6解析>剑桥雅思6Test4PASSAGE 2译文:受过教育的妇女会是更好的母亲吗?

剑桥雅思6Test4PASSAGE 2译文:受过教育的妇女会是更好的母亲吗?

2017年04月12日 11:04来源:互联网作者:新航道雅思

摘要:新航道雅思为各位考生推荐复习材料-剑桥雅思6Test4PASSAGE 2译文:受过教育的妇女会是更好的母亲吗?,需要浏览本单元其他篇幅译文和解析的考生,请点击:剑桥雅思6Test4 PASSAGE 1 原文+参考译文:Doctoring sales;剑桥雅思6Test4Passage1真题解析。

新航道雅思为各位考生推荐复习材料-剑桥雅思6Test4PASSAGE 2译文:受过教育的妇女会是更好的母亲吗?,需要浏览本单元其他篇幅译文和解析的考生,请点击:剑桥雅思6Test4 PASSAGE 1 原文+参考译文:Doctoring sales剑桥雅思6Test4Passage1真题解析


  剑桥雅思6Test4阅读原文+参考译文PASSAGE 2 :

  Do literate women make better mothers


  Children in developing countries are healthier and more likely to survive past the age of five when their mothers can read and write. Experts in public health accepted this idea decades ago, but until now no one has been able to show that a woman’s ability to read in itself improves her children’s chances of survival.


  Most literate women learnt to read in primary school, and the fact that a woman has had an education may simply indicate her family’s wealth or that it values its children more highly. Now a long-term study carried out in Nicaragua has eliminated these factors by showing that teaching reading to poor adult women, who would otherwise have remained illiterate, has a direct effect on their children’s health and survival.


  In 1979, the government of Nicaragua established a number of social programmes, including a National Literacy Crusade. By 1985, about 300,000 illiterate adults from all over the country, many of whom had never attended primary school, had learnt how to read, write and use numbers.


  During this period, researchers from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, the Central American Institute of Health in Nicaragua, the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua and the Costa Rican Institute of Health interviewed nearly 3,000 women, some of whom had learnt to read as children, some during the literacy crusade and some who had never learnt at all. The women were asked how many children they had given birth to and how many of them had died in infancy. The research teams also examined the surviving children to find out how well-nourished they were.


  The investigators’ findings were striking. In the late 1970s, the infant mortality rate for the children of illiterate mothers was around 110 deaths per thousand live births. At this point in their lives, those mothers who later went on to learn to read had a similar level of child mortality (105/1000). For women educated in primary school, however, the infant mortality rate was significantly lower, at 80 per thousand.

  研究者的发现令人吃惊。在20世纪70年代末期,文盲母亲的婴儿死亡率约为1000个婴儿中有110个死 亡。那些后来才学习阅读的母亲也有相同的婴儿死亡率(105/1000)。然而对于那些在小学期间接受教育的女性而言,婴儿死亡率相对大幅降低,为80/1000。

  In 1985, after the National Literacy Crusade had ended, the infant mortality figures for those who remained illiterate and for those educated in primary school remained more or less unchanged. For those women who learnt to read through the campaign, the infant mortality rate was 84 per thousand, an impressive 21 points lower than for those women who were still illiterate. The children of the newly-literate mothers were also better nourished than those of women who could not read.


  Why are the children of literate mothers better off According to Peter Sandiford of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, no one knows for certain. Child health was not on the curriculum during the women’s lessons, so he and his colleagues are looking at other factors. They are working with the same group of 3,000 women, to try to find out whether reading mothers make better use of hospitals and clinics, opt for smaller families, exert more control at home, learn modern childcare techniques more quickly, or whether they merely have more respect for themselves and their children.


  The Nicaraguan study may have important implications for governments and aid agencies that need to know where to direct their resources. Sandiford says that there is increasing evidence that female education, at any age, is ‘an important health intervention in its own right’. The results of the study lend support to the World Bank’s recommendation that education budgets in developing countries should be increased, not just to help their economies, but also to improve child health.


  ‘We’ve known for a long time that maternal education is important,’ says John Cleland of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. ‘But we thought that even if we started educating girls today, we’d have to wait a generation for the pay-off. The Nicaraguan study suggests we may be able to bypass that.’


  Cleland warns that the Nicaraguan crusade was special in many ways, and similar campaigns elsewhere might not work as well. It is notoriously difficult to teach adults skills that do not have an immediate impact on their everyday lives, and many literacy campaigns in other countries have been much less successful. ‘The crusade was part of a larger effort to bring a better life to the people,’ says Cleland. Replicating these conditions in other countries will be a major challenge for development workers.

  克里兰提醒说,尼加拉瓜运动在很多方而是很特别的,同样的运动在其他地方也许就不如其有效。教授成人对他们的日常生活没有直接影响的技能是极其困难的。在其他国家的很多扫盲运动远远不如尼加拉瓜运动这么成功。克里兰说: “这一运动是给人们带来更好的生活的更大努力的一部分”。在其他国家创造相同的这些条件对于发展工作者而言是一个很大的挑战。













相关热点: 剑桥雅思6







  • 走读班(6-10人)
  • 走读班(20-30人)
  • 住宿班(6-10人)
  • 住宿班(20-30人)
  • 雅思一对一
课程名称 班级人数 课时 学费 报名
雅思词汇语法班6-10人班 6-10人 48课时 ¥8800 在线咨询
雅思强化6-10人班(争6分) 6-10人 96课时 ¥24800 在线咨询
雅思全程6-10人班(争6.5/7分) 6-10人 192课时 ¥39800 在线咨询
雅思冲刺6-10人班(争6.5/7.5) 6-10人 96课时 ¥25800 在线咨询
雅思口语单项班 15-20人 按需定制 在线咨询
课程名称 班级人数 课时 学费 报名
雅思强化20-30人班(争6分) 20-30人 96课时 ¥7800 在线咨询
雅思全程20-30人班(争6.5/7分) 20-30人 192课时 ¥13800 在线咨询
雅思冲刺20-30人班(争6.5/7.5) 20-30人 96课时 ¥8800 在线咨询
课程名称 班级人数 课时 学费 报名
雅思强化班(住宿) 6-10人 152 ¥25800 在线咨询
雅思全程精讲班(4周,住宿) 6-10人 304课时 ¥41800 在线咨询
雅思精品冲刺班(6.5/7.5分,住宿) 6-10人 152课时 ¥26800 在线咨询
雅思词汇语法VIP6-10人班(住宿) 8-10人 48课时 ¥8800 在线咨询
雅思特训班(6分3周,住宿) 10 228 ¥30800 在线咨询
课程名称 班级人数 课时 学费 报名
雅思强化住宿班(争6分) 20-30人 96课时 ¥8800 在线咨询
雅思全程住宿班(争6.5/7分) 20-30人 192课时 ¥15800 在线咨询
雅思冲刺住宿班(争6.5/7.5分) 20-30人 96课时 ¥9800 在线咨询
课程名称 班级人数 课时 学费 报名
托雅预备十一特训班 6-8人 48课时 ¥4800 在线咨询
雅思词汇语法十一特训班 6-8人 48 ¥8800 在线咨询
雅思名师班 随到随学 不限 8小时 ¥199 在线咨询


  • 徐家汇校区
  • 人民广场校区
  • 地址:徐汇区裕德路126号


  • 地址:南京西路338号天安中心24楼


  • 微信公众号
  • 微信社群