epitaph N. /墓志铭，挽联/inscription in memory of a dead person. In his will, he dictated the epitaph he wanted placed on his tombstone.
epithet N. /绰号/word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing. So many kings of France were named Charles that you could tell them apart only by their epithets: Charles the Wise was someone far different from Charles the Fat.
epitome N. /典型，摘要/perfect example or embodiment. Singing "I am the very model of a modern Major-General," in The Pirates of Penzance, Major-General Stanley proclaimed himself the epitome of an officer and a gentleman.
epoch N. /时代/period of time. The glacial epoch lasted for thousands of years.
equable ADJ. /平静的，均衡的，稳定的/tranquil; steady; uniform. After the hot summers and cold winters of New England, he found the climate of the West Indies equable and pleasant.
equanimity N. /镇定/calmness of temperament; composure. Even the inevitable strains of caring for an ailing mother did not disturb Bea's equanimity.
equestrian N. /骑师/rider on horseback. These paths in the park are reserved for equestrians and their steeds. alsoADJ.
equilibrium N. /平衡/balance. After the divorce, he needed some time to regain his equilibrium.
equine ADJ. /似马的/resembling a horse. His long, bony face had an equine look to it.
equinox N. /昼夜平分点，春分，秋分/period of equal days and nights; the beginning of Spring and Autumn. The vernal equinox is usually marked by heavy rainstorms.
equitable ADJ. /公平的，公允的/fair; impartial. I am seeking an equitable solution to this dispute, one that will be fair and acceptable to both sides.
equity N. /公平，公正/fairness; justice. Our courts guarantee equity to all.
equivocal ADJ. /蓄意误导;含混，模棱两可/ambiguous; intentionally misleading. Rejecting the candidate's equivocal comments on tax reform, the reporters pressed him to state clearly where he stood on the issue.
equivocate V. /撒谎;误导/lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth. The audience saw through his attempts to equivocate on the subject under discussion and ridiculed his remarks.
erode V. /侵蚀/eat away. The limestone was eroded by the dripping water until only a thin shell remained. erosion, N.
erotic ADJ. /激情的/pertaining to passionate love. The erotic passages in this novel should be removed as they are merely pornographic.
erratic ADJ. /奇怪的;不可预测的/odd; unpredictable. Investors become anxious when the stock market appears erratic.
erroneous ADJ. /错误/mistaken; wrong. I thought my answer was correct, but it was erroneous.
erudite ADJ. /博学的/learned; scholarly. Though his fellow students thought him erudite, Paul knew he would have to spend many years in serious study before he could consider himself a scholar.
escapade N. /胡闹;奇怪、出格的行为/prank; flighty conduct. The headmaster could not regard this latest escapade as a boyish joke and expelled the young man.
escapism N. /逃避现实，纸醉金迷/avoiding reality by diverting oneself with amusements. Before you criticize her constant reading as mere escapism, note how greatly her vocabulary has improved since she began spending her days buried in books.
eschew V. /避免/avoid. Hoping to present himself to his girlfriend as a totally reformed character, he tried to eschew all the vices, especially chewing tobacco and drinking bathtub gin.
esoteric ADJ. /难以理解的，深奥的/hard to understand; known only to the chosen few. The New Yorker short stories often include esoteric allusions to obscure people and events: the implication is, if you are in the in-crowd, you'll get the reference; if you come from Cleveland, you won't.
espionage N. /间谍行为/Spying. In order to maintain its power, the government developed a system of espionage that penetrated every household.