2018年08月17日 02:57来源:互联网作者:上海管理员




Step 1:找claim;

Step 2:快速阅读文章,了解文章大意;

Step 3:逐段阅读,分析相关信息点,并且做好相关批注(识别-作用);

Step 4:筛选信息点,合并同类项;

Step 5:开头段写作(观点+分析元素);

Step 6:中间段写作(识别+内容+分析);

Step 7:结尾段写作(分析元素+观点);

Step 8:检查。








1. 开头

* The arguer may be right about …, but he seems to neglect (fail) to mention (take into account) that fact that…

* As opposed to (Contrary to) widely (commonly/generally) held (accepted) belief (ideas/views), I believe (argue that…

* Although many people believe that …, I doubt (wonder) whether the argument bears much analysis (close examination).

* The advantages of B outweigh any benefit we gained from (carry more weight than those of / are much greater than) A.

* Although it is commonly (widely / generally) held (felt / accepted / agreed) that …, it is unlikely to be true that…

* There is an element of truth in this argument (statement), but it ignores a deeper and more basic (important / essential) fact (reason) that…

* The main (obvious / great) problem (flaw / drawback) with (in) this argument (view / remark) is that it is ignorant of (blind to) the basic (bare) fact that …

* It would be possible (natural / reasonable) to think (believe / take the view) that…, but it would be absurd (wrong) to claim (argue) that …

* In all the discussion and debate over…, one important (basic) fact is generally overlooked (neglected).

* There is absolutely (in fact) no (every) reason for us to believe (accept / resist / reject) that…

* Logical (Valid / Sound) as this argument and I wholeheartedly agree with it, it appears insignificant (absurd) when … is taken into consideration (account).

* To assume (suggest) that … is far from being proved (to miss the point).

* A close (careful) inspection (examination / scrutiny) of this argument would reveal how flimsy (groundless / fallacious) it is.

* What the arguer fails to understand (consider /mention) is that…

2. 正文

* Although the popular belief is that…, a current (new / recent) study (survey / poll / investigation) indicates (shows / demonstrates) that…

* Common sense tells us that… The increase (change / failure / success) in… mainly (largely / partly) results from (arises from / is because of)…

* The increase (change / failure /success) in … is due to (owing to / attributable to) the fact that…

* Many people would claim that… One may attribute (ascribe / owe) the increase (decrease / change) to …, but … is not by itself an adequate explanation.

* One of the reasons given for … is that… What is also worth noticing is that…

* There are many (different / several / a number of / a variety of) causes (reasons) for this dramatic (marked / significant) growth (change /decline / increase) in .. First,… Second,… Finally,…

* It gives rise to (lead to / bring / create) a host of problems (consequences).

* There are numerous reasons why …, and I shall here explore only a few of the most important ones.

* It will exert (have / produce) profound (far-reaching / remarkable / considerable / beneficial / favorable / undesirable / disastrous) effect (influence) on…

* A multitude of factors could account for (contribute to / lead to / result in / influence) the change (increase / decrease / success/ failure / development) in…

* In 1999, it increased (rose / jumped / shot up) from 5 to 10 percent of the total (to 15 percent / by 15 percent).

* By comparison with 1998, it decreased (dropped / fell) from 10 to 5 percent (to 15 percent / by 15 percent).

* It account for 15 percent of the total.

* There were 100 traffic accidents in April, and increase of 5 percent in a five-month period.

3. 结尾

* From what has been discussed above (Taking into account all these factors / Judging from all evidence offered), we may safely draw (reach / come to / arrive at) the conclusion that…

* All the evidence (analysis) supports (justifies / confirms / warrants / points to) a(n) unshakable (unmistakable / sound / just) conclusion that …

* It is high time that we place (lay / put) great ( special / considerable) emphasis on the improvement (development / increase / promotion) of…

* It is high time that we put an end to the deep-seated (unhealthy / undesirable / deplorable) situation (tendency / phenomenon) of…

* There is no easy (immediate / effective) solution ( approach / answer / remedy) to the problem of …, but … might be useful (helpful / beneficial).

* Following these methods (suggestions) may not guarantee the success in (solution to)…, but the pay-off will be worth the effort. Obviously (Clearly / No doubt), if we ignore (are blind to) the problem, there is every chance that…

* Unless there is a common realization of (general commitment to)…, it is very likely (the chances are good) that…

* There is little doubt (no denying) that serous (special / adequate / immediate /further) attention must be called (paid / devoted) to the problem of …

* It is hoped (suggested / recommended) that great (continuous / persistent / sustained / corporate) efforts should be make to control (check / halt / promote) the growth (increase / rise) of …

* Anyhow, wider (more) education (publicity) should be given to the possible (potential / grave / serious / pernicious) consequences (effects) of…

* For these reasons, I strongly recommend that… For the reasons given above, I feel that…


1.I think


升级表述:In my opinion/In my view/It seems to me /All things considered/If you ask me/To be honest/To tell you the truth/To be frank/Frankly speaking/Personally/To my mind/As far as I’m concerned


* Whereas other societies look to the past for guidance, we cast our nets forward(面向未来)

* It is the belief in a brighter future that gives us optimism.

* Even these days, when not all progress seems positive (nuclear weapons, air pollution, unemployment, etc.), the belief remains that for every problem there is a rational solution.

* The job of the parents is to give the children every opportunity while they are growing up and then get out of their way.

* What deference people in authority do command is based on their actual powers rather than on their age, wisdom, or dignity.

* In a society that changes as fast as ours, experience simply does not have the value that it does in traditional societies.

* It has taken a long time to convince the public that free enterprise does not mean that a company should be free to pollute the air, foul the rivers, and destroy the forests.

* The assembly line reduced workers to cogs of machinery and made their jobs unutterably boring, but it produced goods fast.

* Food is prepackaged and shopping is impersonal, but the efficiency of the operation produces lower prices and less shopping time.

As an American is always striving to change his lot, he never fully identifies with any group.

* In America, there are no such expressions such as in china where “the fat pig gets slaughtered,” or in Japan, where “the nail that sticks out gets hammered down.”

* Actually, persons in status societies who are secure in their niches (适当的位置)are allowed more eccentricity than Americans, who rely heavily on signals that other people like them.

* When half the population goes to college, one cannot expect the colleges to maintain the same standards as in countries where only the elite attend.

* No one could seriously think that anyone who grows up poor, lives in a bad neighborhood, and attends an inferior school has an opportunity equal to that of someone more favored.

* Americans may not have achieved equality, but at least they aspire to it, which is more than many other nations can claim.

* Someone who looks around or down appears shifty (不可靠的)to Americans, although in fact one doesn’t stare continuously at the other person, but glances elsewhere every few seconds.


* It is possible that fees paid by movie studios for screenplays will decrease in the future relative to those for book rights.

* The argument simply equates success with movie ticket sales, which is unwarranted.

* This assumption presents a false dilemma, since the two media are not necessarily mutually exclusive alternatives.

* Common sense tells us that a photographer can succeed by working in both media.

* The argument ignores the factors - such as initiative, creativity, technical skills, and business judgment - that may be more important than the choice of medium in determining success in photography.

* Consequently, the mere fact that Company A holds a large share of the video - game hardware and software market does not support the claim that Company A will also fail.

* Thus, the author unfairly assumes that highly - rated public television programs are necessarily widely viewed, or popular.

* Admittedly, the vice president’s reasoning linking employee benefits with company profits seems reasonable on the surface.

* One can infer from the survey’s results that a full one - third of the respondents may have viewed the current benefits package unfavorably.

* Lacking more specific information about how these other employees responded, it is impossible to assess the reliability of the survey’s results or to make an informed recommendation.













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